Hindutva, the predominant form of Hindu nationalism in India, has emerged as a powerful and polarising force. Hindutva aims to ultimately transform India from a secular republic into a Hindu state. Since the election of Narendra Modi in 2014, followers of Hindutva have become bolder in targeting minorities and critics with intimidation and violence. These tensions have also affected the global Indian diaspora. Today, we speak to Mohan Dutta, Dean’s Chair Professor of Communication, and Director of the Centre for Culture-Centred Approach to Research & Evaluation (CARE) at Massey University, on the reasons behind Hindutva’s surge in prominence and what this means for Indians who defend secular values and religious pluralism.